In accordance with the mission statement of Missouri Baptist University and the academic program, the Theatre discipline offers undergraduate courses of study that equip students with basic skills in theatrical production and prepares them for positions that require heightened aesthetic awareness of drama. Additional purposes of the theatre program are to provide classes and dramatic experience for students majoring in other fields, as well as cultural experiences for the University community.
An admission audition is required. A mandatory review of the student’s progress in performance, design, or technical skills will be administered at the end of each semester.
Visit the MBU Theatre on Facebook for production photos and show information; follow us on Instagram @mbutheatre.
Required Communications course: 3 hours
COST 403 Oral Interpretation of Literature
Required Performance courses: 8 semesters
MUSC 111/311 Theatre Production
THEP 111/311 Theatre Production
Required Theatre courses: 38 hours
THEA 101 Theatre Media
THEA 113 Acting I
THEA 123 Script Analysis
THEA 213 Stage Makeup
THEA 223 Acting II
THEA 233 Stagecraft
THEA 313 History of Theatre I
THEA 323 History of Theatre II
THEA 333 Directing
THEA 363 Acting III
THEA 413 Tools of the Actor: Voice and Movement
THEA 423 Theatrical Costuming
THEA 433 Stage Management
THEP 473 Theatre Internship
THEA 481 Senior Capstone Project
Total hours for Major in Speech/Theatre: 49
ENGL 243 Survey of American and British Literature
ENGL 353A British Literature I (The Middles Ages Through the Early 17th Century)
ENGL 353B British Literature II (Since the Restoration)
ENGL 373 Chaucer, Shakespeare, and Milton
MUAV 101 Voice Lesson (Elective/Secondary)
THEA 131 Ballet I
THEA 141 Jazz I
THEA 331 Ballet II
THEA 341 Jazz II
THEA 351 Tap
THEA 361 Musical Theatre Styled Dance
THEA 353 Drama in Ministry
THEA 401-3 Special Topics in Theatre
THMU 353 Musical Theatre History
The student must complete at least eighteen hours in Theatre from the following courses, including six hours of upper division electives. Of the six hours of electives, at least three hours must be upper division and at least two hours must be in the performance area (MUTS or THEP). Elective courses include any relating directly to dramatic reading, writing, directing, technical theatre, or theatrical performance. Possible electives include any theatre course (THEA, THEP, or THMU) and COST 403 Oral Interpretation of Literature.
Required Theatre courses: 12 hours
THEA 113 Acting I
THEA 213 Stage Make-up
THEA 233 Stagecraft
THEA 313 History of Theatre I
THEA 323 History of Theatre II
Electives: 3 hours of upper division and a minimum of 2 hours from performance classes (THEP 111/311 or MUTS 131/331).
Total hours for Minor in Theatre: 21
DMA in Choral Music, Arizona State University, 1998
MM in Choral Conducting, Texas State-San Marcos, 1986
BME in K-12 Vocal Music from Baylor University, 1979
Dr. Smith serves as Chair for the Fine Arts Division at MBU and Director of the MBU Honors Program. He served public schools in Ft. Worth, Texas and Fullerton, California before embarking on his college teaching career in 1990. He also sang professionally with the Oregon Bach Festival Chorus, Musica Viva of San Bernardino CA, the Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra Chorus, and the Phoenix Bach Society (now the Phoenix Chorale).
He has been a worship leader for churches in Texas, California, Arizona, Oregon, and currently serves as Director of Traditional Worship at St. Paul’s Evangelical Church in St. Louis. Dr. Smith has directed honor choirs in Texas, California, Missouri, Illinois, and Washington and is a frequent clinician and judge for high school festivals. Most recently, he was the choral clinician and Honor Choir Director for the 2013 ACSI Northwest Musicale in Seattle, Washington. In May 2014, Dr. Smith led members of the MBU Chorale and Choral Society on their fifth European tour, performing and ministering in Austria and Czech Republic.
When Professor Bennett teaches Broadcast Media courses she is drawing upon her 26 years of engineering experience with KSDK, Channel 5—St. Louis. In addition to her work at KSDK, Ms. Bennett has assisted with the production of St. Louis baseball, football, and hockey broadcasts. She also did freelance work on a PBS television series. Besides overseeing Timeline, Professor Bennett supervises the University’s production studio and video projects. She holds a bachelor’s degree from Louisiana State University and a master’s degree from the University of Southern Mississippi. In 2013, Ms. Bennett was given the Distinguished Professor Award, presented at MBU’s commencement ceremony.
Cathy Benton serves as Professor of Music and Director of the MBU Ringers. Dr. Benton has a Bachelor of Music Education degree from Murray State University, a Master of Music degree in Piano Performance from Webster University, and the Doctor of Musical Arts degree in piano performance from UMKC. Dr. Benton performs as a soloist and accompanist on the piano, organ and harpsichord and has been an adjudicator and clinician for numerous keyboard festivals and workshops. She is currently organist/pianist at Kirk of the Hills Presbyterian Church in St. Louis. Dr. Benton was honored for her achievements in teaching by being included in several editions of Who’s Who Among America’s Teachers. She was also awarded the Emerson Excellence in Teaching Award. Dr. Benton is a member of SLAMTA, MMTA, MTNA, National Guild of Piano Teachers, the Handbell Association of Greater St. Louis, the Handbell Musicians of America, and NAfME. She is the Immediate Past President of the Missouri Music Teachers Association (MMTA) and is currently serving as Missouri State Chair for the Handbell Musicians of America.
Assistant Professor of Music and Director of Choral Activities
Jordan Cox is the Director of Choral Activities at Missouri Baptist University. He is currently pursuing a Ph.D. in Music Education with emphasis in Choral Conducting from the University of Missouri and holds a Master of Arts in Religion in Worship Studies from Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary and a Bachelor of Music Education with K-12 vocal certification from MBU. Prior to joining the faculty of MBU, Mr. Cox taught 6-12 grade vocal music in the Jackson and Cape Girardeau school districts where his ensembles earned top ratings at district and state events as well as received the Outstanding Beginning Teacher award and Southeast District Outstanding District Director award from the Missouri Choral Directors Association. Mr. Cox serves as the Exhibit Coordinator for MCDA and is also an active member of MMEA and NAfME. Mr. Cox has also lead worship at numerous churches, conferences, and events throughout Missouri and currently serves as a worship pastor at First Baptist Church of Ellisville, where he attends with his wife Kasey and two children, Noah and Jobi.
Instructor of Communications & Theatre; Director of In Charactre
Kasey Cox is a 2010 graduate of Missouri Baptist University with a degree in Musical Theatre and a 2014 graduate of Fontbonne University with a Master of Arts in Theatre. She has participated in over sixty full-length productions ranging from high school to community to collegiate to professional. Some of her favorite roles include Sally (You’re a Good Man, Charlie Brown), Woman 1 (Songs for a New World), Rosie (Bye Bye Birdie), and Jo (Little Women: The Musical) She was the Artistic Director and founder of Acting Out!, Cape Girardeau, MO’s premiere theatre company, from 2013-2015 and currently serves on the board of Silhouette Productions in St. Louis. She is also an active member of STAM and EdTA and has presented at a local and statewide level. Kasey has been participating as an actor and a director in drama ministry for 16 years, training with nationally recognized ministries such as The Applied Theatre Center, New Life Drama Company, and Youth With a Mission. She has performed in churches across the country using methods ranging from scenes to human videos to Augusto Boal’s Theatre of the Oppressed. She currently directs In Charactre, Missouri Baptist University’s drama ministry team, and teaches courses such as History of Theatre I & II, Drama in Ministry, Oral Interpretation of Literature, and Introduction to Theatre.
Dr. Ladd Faszold has degrees from Southeast Missouri State University (Bachelor on Music Education–Choral), New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary (Master of Church Music with an emphasis in composition), and University of Memphis (Doctor of Musical Arts in Sacred Music–composition). He teaches courses in advanced theory, music history, and composition. He is a composer of choral, chamber, and orchestral works. Twice local orchestras have performed his symphony, London, 1940. Dr. Faszold performs with the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra Chorus. With this ensemble he has worked under world-renown conductors, such as Leonard Slatkin, Robert Shaw, and David Robertson, performed at Carnegie Hall in New York, and participated in several major label recordings. He is a voting member of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences (NARAS), which annually presents the Grammy Awards. For 30 years Dr. Faszold has conducted various churches as worship leader and choir conductor.
Contact information: email@example.com
Assistant Professor of Music; Director of Vocal Studies
DMA in Vocal Pedagogy and Literature, University of Iowa, 2014
MM in Music Performance, University of Louisville, 2006
BM in Vocal Arts Performance, University of Southern California, 2004
Dr. Mallory is excited to join Missouri Baptist University teaching voice, opera, diction, vocal pedagogy, and vocal literature. Since 2013, he has been cantor at Our Lady of the Pillar and section leader at First Presbyterian Church in Kirkwood, where he and his wife, Dr. Leslie Allnatt Mallory, and their children, Teddy and Evie are shortly becoming members. He is a member of the National Association of Teachers of Singing (NATS) and the College Music Society, and he previously taught at the University of Missouri – St. Louis, Lindenwood University, University of Iowa, University of Louisville, and Coe College. As a performer, lyric baritone Dr. Mallory has been seen on stage in opera and oratorio in the United States, Italy, and Poland. Some of his favorite roles are Count Almaviva in Le Nozze di Figaro, Don Alfonso in Così fan tutte, Dancaïro in Carmen, Dr. Dulcamara in L’Elisir d’amore, Giorgio Germont in La Traviata, Aeneas in Dido and Aeneas, Top in The Tender Land, and Pooh-Bah in The Mikado. His oratorio credits include Bach’s Christmas Oratorio, Haydn’s Lord Nelson Mass, Mozart’s Vesperae solennes de Confessore, Saint-Saëns’ Christmas Oratorio, Fauré’s Requiem, and Vaughan Williams’ Five Mystical Songs.
Dr. Means brings more than 25 years of experience to his teaching position at Missouri Baptist University, including 12 in the newspaper business followed by 13 in higher education. After graduating from Baylor University in 1986 with a bachelor’s degree in journalism and a minor in radio/TV/film, Means did nearly everything in the newspaper business from reporter to editor, and all points in between, before going back to school and earning his master’s degree from the University of West Florida in 1998. After teaching and directing journalism programs at Morris College and Southeastern Oklahoma State University, Means went back to school and earned his doctorate in mass communication from the University of Southern Mississippi, where he also taught journalism courses. Dr. Means went on to teach and conduct research at Baylor University before joining MBU in fall 2011. Teaching journalism is Dr. Means’ passion and he is glad to be at a Christian university that cultivates learning and faith. In 2017, Dr. Means was given the Distinguished Professor Award, presented MBU’s spring commencement ceremony.
Ms. Powell joined the MBU faculty in 2006. She also serves as the Worship Leader for Third Baptist Church, Granite City, IL. She received her B.S. in Musical Theatre Performance at Ball State University, her M.A. in Theatre from Lindenwood University, and her PhD in Theatre at University of Missouri-Columbia. Her favorite directing credits at MBU include Fiddler on the Roof, Steel Magnolias, The Diary of Anne Frank, Little Women, and A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Other directing credits include Big River (SIUE), The Music Man (SIUE), and Peter Pan (Spotlight Productions). Some of her favorite performances credits include Ensemble in Aida (MUNY), Ensemble in Oliver! (MUNY), Sister Mary Hubert in Nunsense I & II (SIUE), Sonia in Godspell (SIUE), Chiffon in Little Shop of Horrors (SIUE), Georgia in Curtains (Kirkwood Theatre) and as a collaborator/performer in the cabaret shows Two Tables for One (MBU) and Like Totally 80s (Lemming Armada and MBU) as well as several concerts at the Sheldon Concert Hall.
Amanda Staggenborg is an Assistant Professor of Public Relations and the Instructional Coordinator for Undergraduate Communications at Missouri Baptist University. Her research areas of interest are corporate public relations, media strategy, media law, organizational communications, crisis communications and social media ethics. She was nominated for the 2013 Kemper Award for Excellence in Teaching. She is a member of the Public Relations Society of America, the International Public Relations Association, the International Association of Business Communicators, the Central States Communications Association and St. Louis Women in Media. Her experience includes the Missouri Division of Tourism and St. Elizabeth Academy and has consulted for several St. Louis organizations. She proudly directs the Communications Media Talk, which features prominent communications professionals in the St. Louis region.
Shane Williams has guest conducted in Europe with the Zapadocesky Symphonic Orchestra of the Czech Republic and the United States with the St. Louis Philharmonic, the Illinois Symphony, the Kirkwood Symphony, the Gateway Chamber Orchestra, and the Compton Heights Concert Band. As a professional musician, he has performed with the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra (noted performances at Carnegie Hall), the Illinois Symphony, the Nashville Symphony, the Joffrey Ballet, Ice Capades, Moody Blues, the Elvis Show, the Three Irish Tenors, Opryland USA, Burt Bacharach, Roger Williams, Dionne Warwick, Tommy Tune, and many others. Mr. Williams was a featured guest artist with the Equinox Players for the Women in the Arts Conference featuring the music of contemporary composer, Beth Denisch. He has served on the faculty of the Masterworks Music Festival for 14 years.
Mr. Williams holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Music Education from Austin Peay State University, a Master of Music degree in Percussion Performance from the St. Louis Conservatory of Music and a Master of Music degree in Conducting from the University of Missouri-Columbia. He is currently completing his doctoral work in Instructional Leadership.
His previous conducting posts include Conductor of the Dayspring Festival Orchestra, Music Director/Conductor of the Alton Summer Chamber Series, Music Director of the Sangamon Valley Youth Symphony, Music Director/Conductor of the Young Peoples Concert Orchestra, Associate Conductor of the Alton Symphony, and Resident Conductor of the Award-winning St. Louis Brass Band. He is a regular guest conductor, performer, clinician, and adjudicator within the region. Symphonic Orchestra.
Erin Bode is a singer who is comfortable mixing jazz standards with well-known pop tunes and classics from the Great American Songbook in a typical performance. The daughter of a Lutheran pastor who was raised in a musical household in the Twin Cities of Minnesota, Bode sang in a church choir as a teenager before discovering jazz and big-band music while in high school in St. Louis. She also studied trumpet and participated in theater, eventually deciding to pursue a music degree. Starting at the University of Minnesota, she transferred back to the more intimate setting of Webster University in St. Louis, where she benefited from the tutelage of jazz pianist and singer Christine Hitt. She joined the jazz vocal ensemble at Webster and also sat in with Hitt during the pianist’s local gigs at her instructor’s invitation. Bode earned her degree in music and foreign languages, remaining in St. Louis to play engagements in the area. Following the release of a self-produced CD (Requests) in 2001, which included a locally popular version of Cyndi Lauper’s “Time After Time,” her career took off. Receiving heavy local airplay, she was signed to the St. Louis- based Maxjazz label, which released her CD Don’t Take Your Time in 2004, and included an updated version of “Time After Time” that was inspired by the late singer Eva Cassidy. This CD gave her much greater national exposure. Erin Bode has frequently been compared by critics and jazz radio hosts to both Cassidy and the young jazz superstar Norah Jones for her willingness to explore a wide range of material in a fresh, often subtle manner.
Adjunct Instructor of Voice
Keith Boyer, tenor, is an adjunct instructor of voice at MBU and Jefferson College, and a soloist for the St. Louis Symphony. In 2013, Keith Boyer made his Carnegie Hall debut as Horace Adams in the St. Louis Symphony production of Peter Grimes. Boyer collaborated with a world class cast, which included his son Garrett as Peter Grimes’s Apprentice, under the direction of David Robertson. Boyer was named the Best Male Opera Singer by the St. Louis Post Dispatch on “The Go! List 2014.” In a 2011 concert featuring Christine Brewer, he sang the brief tenor solo in Prayers of Kierkegaard. The following year he had the unique experience of working with Grammy Award-winning conductor Arnie Roth in the concert Final Fantasy: Distant Worlds.
Mr. Boyer has numerous opera and theatre credits, including Nepomuc in The Grand Duchess of Gerolstein with Opera Theatre of St. Louis, Ferrando in Cosi fan tutte with Union Avenue Opera, Sister Act and South Pacific with STAGE St. Louis, and Jean Valjean in Les Miserables with both MBU Theatre and Alpha Players.
Mr. Boyer also maintains a private voice studio and lives just south of St. Louis with his wife Amanda and their three sons.
Adjunct Instructor of Art Appreciation
Dr. Carter is a visual artist who primarily works in oil sticks and oil pastel, and ink prints. He teaches various arts and interdisciplinary courses for Missouri Baptist University, St. Louis Community College at Wildwood, and Brookes Bible Institute. He holds a Bachelor of Science with a double major in Biblical Studies and Organizational Leadership, a Master of Fine Arts with a concentration in Arts Management and Leadership, and a Doctor of Theology
Adjunct Instructor of Music
Dr. Hart is from Michigan and earned his Bachelor of Arts degree in Music Theory, History and Political Science at Olivet College. He earned his Master of Music and Doctor of Musical Arts degrees at Michigan State University. He has extensive musical experience with college and church choirs. He has taught a variety of courses at MBU including Music Appreciation, Ear Training, Advanced Conducting and Choral Literature.
Adjunct Instructor of Music
Soprano Elizabeth Ducey Moss holds a Doctor of Musical Arts degree in vocal performance from the University of Illinois, a Master of Music degree from Binghamton University, and a Bachelor of Arts degree in music from Acadia University. Prior to her current role as Instructor of Voice at Missouri Baptist University, Dr. Moss served as Assistant Professor of Voice at McMurry University. She has also served on the faculties of Illinois Wesleyan University, North Central College, and Webster University. Her professional operatic credits include leading roles in The Magic Flute, Così Fan Tutte, Don Giovanni, Madama Butterfly, Les Contes d’Hoffmann, Hänsel und Gretel, Amahl and the Night Visitors, and Die Fledermaus. Her oratorio credits include Beethoven’s Missa Solemnis, Brahm’s Requiem, Mendelssohn’s Elijah, and Mozart’s Requiem. One of her more recent appearances was as Lady Thiang in The King and I produced by the Abilene Opera Association. Elizabeth received extensive training in the Tri-Cities Opera Resident Artist Program and has been a national semi-finalist in the National Association of Teachers of Singing Artist Award competition. She has been a featured artist presenter in the Heavenly Rest Chamber Music Concert Series, the Rocky Mountain Region College Music Society Conference, and in the Artist Series of the Texoma Region National Association of Teachers of Singing Conference. She continually seeks to expand and diversify her repertoire by performing a variety of programs from new music to chamber and oratorio works. Elizabeth is a member of the College Music Society, National Association of Teachers of Singing, and an honorary member of Sigma Alpha Iota International Music Fraternity.
Dr. Ducey Moss’s teaching assignments at MBU include Commercial Vocal Styles, Private Voice, and Appreciation of Music.
Adjunct Instructor of Dance (Ballet, Jazz, Musical Theatre)
Claire Horrocks was born and raised in Los Angeles, California, where she trained and competed nationally in ballet, jazz, tap, and musical theater. Upon graduating high school, she toured nationally with the Radio City Rockettes in the 2008 Christmas Spectacular Arena tour. Claire then pursued a BFA in Ballet Performance from the University of Oklahoma School of Dance while dancing with the Oklahoma Festival Ballet, then continued her professional performing career with the Louisville Ballet, Missouri Ballet Theatre, and Common Thread Contemporary Ballet Company. She is a certified mat pilates and yoga instructor, and incorporates her knowledge from these certifications in her classes. Love, faith, and guidance are the foundation of Claire’s teaching, and she is blessed to share her knowledge and passion with the talented students of Missouri Baptist University.
Adjunct Instructor of Communications
Dr. Memani joined the MBU Communications faculty in fall of 2017, specializing in Speech Communications. She earned her Ph.D. in Mass Communication and Media Arts from Southern Illinois University Carbondale, and her M.A. from Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa. She is a frequent lecturer, guest speaker and researcher on the topics of social media, mass communication, ethics and politics. In addition to MBU, Dr. Memani is an adjunct instructor at Lindenwood University and Jefferson College.
Instructor of Sound & Studio Recording
Mark Roach is a singer, songwriter and worship leader who brings his vast experience in the recording studio to Missouri Baptist University.
At thirteen, Mark picked up his first guitar and finally put chords to the first melody he’d ever written three years earlier. By the time he graduated high school, he had officially adopted the title singer/songwriter. Four years later, Mark released his first full-length recording entitled The Road to Home–the culmination of his tenure at Millikin University in Decatur, IL.
After Graduating College, Mark headed to Nashville. Still writing primarily secular pop/rock music, the Christian industry in Nashville didn’t seem to be a fit, so he headed back to his hometown of St. Louis, MO in ’99. Ironically, only months later, Mark accepted what would prove to be a life-changing position at Morning Star Church, a new church start in O’Fallon, where he began writing worship songs as the Music Director and Worship Leader. Mark has written several worship songs now sung in churches across the country, and is currently in his seventh year as Worship Leader at MSC.
Six of Mark’s original worship songs have been featured on National compilations, including appearances on WOW Next 2007, Absolute Modern Worship 2 [Fervent Records – 2006], SongDISCovery [vol. 53] in November of 2005 and two appearances on Purpose Driven Ministries’ SongSeeker project (2004 & 2005.) He has been featured on www.songdiscovery.com, www.pdworshipcommunity.com, and www.myrrhworship.com and has led worship for churches, youth camps, conferences, and rallies from the Midwest all the way to California.
Adjunct Instructor of Voice
A classically trained soprano, Tina Sayers has sung on both opera and musical theater stages, and enjoys performing chamber concerts and art song recitals. Her voice has been described as “…bright and melodious; perfect for the colors of Bach, Handel and Mozart, but with the intonation and exquisite phrasing necessary to perform modern repertoire with skill and grace.” She has performed as a soprano soloist with the Redlands Symphony Orchestra and the Cabrillo Chamber Orchestra, and has premiered compositions by Dr. Alexandra Pierce. First and foremost, Tina is a teacher at heart. This is made evident in her most recent performances, which have been collaborative recitals that aim to educate her audiences on opera, art song and musical theatre repertoire.
Tina holds a masters degree in music (M.M.) with an emphasis in vocal performance from the Manhattan School of Music. While there, she studied voice with Patricia Misslin, and diction with Palma Toscani, Robert Cowart, and Kathryn LaBouff. Prior to her time in New York, Tina completed her Bachelor of Music degree in Musical Studies from the University of Redlands. Her degree work focused on vocal performance, conducting and composition.
In 2004 Tina joined the faculty of Point Loma Nazarene University in San Diego where she served as an Assistant Professor of Vocal Studies for twelve years. In 2010, she created the Community Center for the Arts (CCFA), a non-profit arts outreach program in south San Diego, that provides a place for community members to teach, learn and experience music, dance, art and theatre. In 2016 Tina and her family relocated to St. Louis where she now lives with her husband, Jay, and children Sedona and Porter. She is currently on the voice faculty at Missouri Baptist University and maintains a private studio of voice students.
Adjunct Instructor of Theatre
Jason Stahr has been working in professional theater for over 30 years. His list of professional credits include that of designer, director, actor, and playwright. He has his MFA in Theatre from Lindenwood University. Currently, Jason is the Director of Operations and Stage Services at the Touhill Performing Arts Center. He has also been the scenic designer for many MBU Theatre productions, including The Diary of Anne Frank, Rumors, The Curious Savage, West Side Story, The Crucible, Footloose, Guys & Dolls, and Les Miserables. Jason is an adjunct in the Theatre Department and teaches classes such as Stagecraft, Stage Management, Intro to Theatre, Script Analysis, Theatre Media, and Stage Makeup.
Mary Sweetin, String Ensemble Director
Mary Sweetin is a classically trained violinist, with Bachelors and Masters Degrees in Music from Southern Illinois University- Edwardsville. Mrs. Sweetin performs with many ensembles in the St. Louis area, including the Bach Society Orchestra, St. Louis Ballet Orchestra and the American Chamber Chorale Orchestra, to name a few. She has been the first violinist with the Landolfi String Quartet for over 15 years, and has written over 75 string arrangements for this ensemble. Mrs. Sweetin recently accepted a post as Concertmaster of the University City Orchestra.
In May 2012 Sweetin was named Adjunct Faculty of the Year in the Humanities Division at St. Charles Community College.
Most recently, Sweetin accepted a position here at MBU as the String Ensemble Director. Her goal is to expose students to the greatest musical literature for string and full orchestras. To that end, in 2016 Sweetin began a new musical venture, in collaboration with St. Charles Community College; an annual Solo Concert, hosted by MBU, assisted by players of the SCC Symphonic Orchestra.