Fourth Annual Faith and Research Conference

Thursday, April 7, 2022 – Friday, April 8, 2022

Pitch Room of the Jung-Kellogg Learning Center – Missouri Baptist University

Theme: Mental Health and the Wholeness of Creation

Schedule of Presenters


—– 9 a.m. —–

Dr. Matthew Bardowell, Missouri Baptist University

email: matthew.bardowell@mobap.edu

Bio: Matthew Bardowell is Associate Professor of English at Missouri Baptist University. His research centers on Old Norse and Old English poetry as well as the works of J. R. R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis and their literary circle known as the Inklings. His work appears in Renascence: Essays on Values in Literature, Journal of the Fantastic in the Arts, and Mythlore. He received his Ph.D. from Saint Louis University.

Title: J. R. R. Tolkien’s Modification of the Germanic Speech-as-Violence Trope in “The Lord of the Rings”

Abstract: The influence of Old English and Old Norse texts on Tolkien’s Legendarium is well-documented. The precise nature of this influence in the discreet places where it emerges is a topic of perennial discussion for scholars. Such discussions often emphasize Tolkien’s borrowings from the Old English and Old Norse texts he knew so well without observing the ways he resists or modifies these influences. This paper will argue that Tolkien modifies one particular trope commonly employed in medieval Germanic literature: the speech-as-violence trope. Instead of adopting this attitude uncritically, Tolkien rejects it and the warrior ethic it asserts in favor of preserving the will of the other in disputes.

—– 10 a.m. —–

Dr. Cordell Schulten, Missouri Baptist University

email: Cordell.SchultenJD@mobap.edu

Bio: Cordell Schulten is an adjunct professor at Missouri Baptist University. Prior to his return to MBU, he served as a teacher and the Dean of Students; Staff at Valor International Scholars in Anseong, Korea. He has also served as a guest lecturer at L’Abri Fellowship in Korea, a teacher at Heritage Classical Christian Academy and as the English Ministry pastor at the Korean Presbyterian Church in Kirkwood, Missouri. From 2009 through 2014, he taught American Law at Handong Global University in Pohang, Korea. He previously taught at Missouri Baptist University (1995-2005) and Fontbonne University (2005-2009). Before teaching, he practiced law for 10 years. He earned his MA in Theological Studies from Covenant Theological Seminary in 2004 and his JD from Saint Louis University School of Law in 1986. He has also studied Theology and Culture at Concordia Seminary in St. Louis. He and his wife Sandy have been married for 43 years. They have four grown children and five grandchildren. He is the author of “Life Abroad @ Handong and Le Chemin: Wholly Following the Path of Jesus.”

Title: Wholeness Through Forgiveness: Volf’s End of Memory

Abstract: In his book, “The End of Memory: Remembering Rightly in a Violent World,” theologian Miroslav Volf argues, on the one hand, that we should remember past wrongs not only for the sake of the victims, but also for the sake of the perpetrators; and on the other hand, that the proper goal of such remembering is in fact non-remembrance. This paper will examine whether Volf has offered a helpful approach to collective memory that will both promote the interests of justice and contribute to efforts toward reconciliation between victims and perpetrators. In his approach, Volf first maintains that through the traditions and teachings of Judaism and Christianity, we have received a “framework for remembering.” The pivotal events of Israel’s exodus and Christ’s death and resurrection are “meta-memories”: they provide a broad framework which “regulates how we remember wrongs suffered in our everyday lives” (p. 94). He further suggests that these framing memories are fundamentally “memories of God” (p. 101) and that by bringing them to mind, we are also recalling God’s promise as the reality of our own future. To remember rightly, therefore, is to remember past wrongs through the interpretive lens of these meta-memories from salvation-history. After addressing the question of how to remember, Volf turns next to the question of how long we should remember. He argues against the widespread assumption that wrongdoings should be remembered forever. He does not, however, advocate a mere “forgetting” of past wrongs; rather, he believes that the forgiveness of sins issues finally in “non-remembrance” or “not-coming-to-mind” (p. 145). While it is often said that we would lose our identities if we ceased to remember, Volf draws upon a Reformational anthropology to present an alternative construal of personal identity. He suggests that it is a better approach to recognize that we receive our identity from “outside ourselves”; we are located in God, and our identity is found in him. Non-remembrance of past wrongs does not violate our identity. On the contrary, “being in God” sets us free from “the tyranny [of] the unalterable past.” The God who redeems the past does not take anything away from us, but “gives [our past] back to us” (p. 201). In this way, we are truly redeemed, truly reconciled. In sum, Volf’s greatest concern is to articulate an eschatological form of non-remembrance. If we did not believe in the Last Judgment, we would surely want to remember wrongs forever. But because we believe that the end of history belongs to God, we are able to let go of the past, to allow memories of wrongdoings to “slip into oblivion.” Such non-remembrance will be an essential aspect of God’s new world where both victims and perpetrators are brought together and reconciled in “a dance of love in the embrace of the Triune God” (p. 181). Thus, Volf’s approach to memory provides a meaningful way to promote justice while encouraging reconciliation.

—– 11 a.m. —–

Dr. John Han, Missouri Baptist University

email: john.han@mobap.edu

Bio: John J. Han is Professor of English and Creative Writing and Chair of the Humanities Division at Missouri Baptist University. Han is the author, editor, co-editor, or translator of 27 books. Among his scholarly books are “Wise Blood: A Re-Consideration” (Rodopi, 2011), “The Final Crossing: Death and Dying in Literature” (with Clark Triplett; Peter Lang, 2015), and “Worlds Gone Awry: Essays on Dystopian Fiction” (with Clark Triplett and Ashley Anthony; McFarland, 2018).

Title: Not Peace But a Sword: Tradition versus Change in Kim Dong-ri’s “The Portrait of a Female Shaman”

Abstract: This paper discusses Kim Dong-ri’s (1913-95) short story, “The Portrait of a Female Shaman” (Korean: 무녀도, pronounced mu-nyeo-do, 1936, rev. 1947), focusing on the dynamic between age-old shamanism and newly arrived Protestant Christianity in early-twentieth-century Korea. The story deals with the conflict between a female shaman, Mo-hwa, and her son, Uk-i, who has become a Christian. Mo-hwa despises Christianity as a demonic religion, whereas Uk-i views shamanism in kind. When Mo-hwa burns her son’s Bible, which she considers the book about “a hungry, inferior demon from the Western Realm,” Uk-i attacks her by pouring water on her face. While performing an ecstatic dance, she stabs him three times with a knife. He survives the attack but becomes bedridden. An American missionary brings him a Bible, which comforts him; Uk-i dies holding the copy on his chest and shedding tears. While mourning her son, Mo-hwa realizes that the advancement of Christianity is insurmountable in Korea. One day, she performs shamanic rituals by the reservoir where a woman in her early thirties has died by intentional drowning. However, Mo-hwa’s rites do not work wonders: she is unable to retrieve the dead woman’s hair from the water, a normally easy task for her. The villagers who have gathered at this event sneer at her, whispering that she has lost her magical powers. While continuing her shamanic dance, Mo-hwa steps into the lake, drowning herself. No one rescues her. Some critics agree that, although neither Christianity nor shamanism wins the conflict, this story shows the likelihood of Christianity’s ultimate triumph in Korea. Others see this story as the tale of a Korean woman’s heroic but failed struggle to defend her native culture. Acknowledging the validity of both viewpoints, this paper approaches “The Portrait of a Female Shaman” as a work of realism that can be read as a quasi-historical document. The text reflects the power of evangelical Christianity, which has been embraced with enthusiasm by many Koreans since the late nineteenth century; Christianity is now the most dominant religion in Korea. The story is also a reminder that Jesus came for division, not for peace (Matt. 10:34, Luke 12:51). Finally, “The Portrait of a Female Shaman” recalls other stories about traditional culture versus evangelism from around the world, such as Chinua Achebe’s “Things Fall Apart” (1958), which is set in Nigeria, and Shusaku Endo’s “Silence” (1966), which is set in Japan. Kim’s story offers an intriguing snapshot in the history of world Christianity.

—– 12 p.m. —–

Published Authors Roundtable Discussion (and Lunch)

Dr. Holly Brand, Guy Danhoff, Dr. Keith Beutler, Dr. Matthew Easter,

Dr. David Bailey, Dr. Tim Delicath

emails: holly.brand@mobap.eduguy.danhoff@mobap.edukeith.beutler@mobap.edudavid.bailey@mobap.edutim.delicath@mobap.edu

Published authors on faculty at Missouri Baptist University will be discussing their books and the process of being published, including Dr. Holly Brand’s book, “Christ & Culture,” Dr. Keith Beutler’s recently published book, “George Washington’s Hair: How Early Americans Remembered the Founders,” Guy Danhoff’s book, “Zagging: Building Advocacy Through Digital & Social Media” (with Lauren Krebs), and Dr. Matthew Easter’s book, “Faith and the Faithfulness of Jesus,” as well as books by Dr. David Bailey and Dr. Tim Delicath. This informal Roundtable Discussion will be a lunch-and-learn opportunity to pick the brains of these outstanding authors, gain a better understanding of their writing, editing and publishing processes, and perhaps attain an autographed copy of their acclaimed books.

—– 1 p.m. —–

Sarah A. Showalter Van Tongeren, author

Dr. Nikki Johnson, Missouri Baptist University

email: nikki.johnson@mobap.edu

Bios: Sara A. Showalter Van Tongeren, LCSW, is a licensed clinical social worker in the states of Michigan and Virginia and is a graduate of the Virginia Commonwealth University School of Social Work in Richmond, Virginia. Sara has more than 12 years of clinical social work experience in settings such as private practice, foster care, in-patient hospitals, and outpatient medical clinics, inter-partner violence shelters, and behavioral health. She is a member of the National Association of Social Workers (NASW). Currently, she owns a private practice in Holland, Michigan, where she works with individuals, couples, families, and children to help them cultivate a sense of meaning and develop narratives of resilience following trauma and unexpected life events. Sara specializes in cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness, existential psychotherapy, narrative therapy, brainspotting, and acceptance commitment therapy. She is a co-author of the book, “The Courage to Suffer: A New Clinical Framework for Life’s Greatest Crises,” which is published by Templeton Press and is available on Amazon and wherever books are sold. 

Dr. Nikki Johnson holds a Doctoral degree in Social Work from Jane Addams College of Social Work at the University of Illinois at Chicago, a Master of Social Work degree from St. Louis University, and a Bachelor of Psychology and Business Administration degree from Missouri Baptist University. Her teaching and research interests include social work practice with women, adoption and voluntary relinquishment, faith-based program development, cultural humility, and social work ethics. Dr. Johnson’s career in social work began in 2000 and includes experience in research and scholarship, teaching, clinical practice, leadership, and community and church relations. Her teaching experience spans over 15 years, and includes teaching face to face, distance and hybrid courses. Her practice experience includes working with a diverse range of clients and presenting issues and in a variety of areas including community mental health, youth mentoring, court diversion, adoption, adolescent residential treatment and church, volunteer and community relations. She has completed clinical practice training in the U.S., Finland and Australia.

Title: Roundtable Panel Discussion: A Critical Conversation: The Courage to Suffer

Abstract: Sara A. Showalter Van Tongeren, co-author of the book, “The Courage to Suffer: A New Clinical Framework for Life’s Greatest Crises,” and Dr. Nikki Johnson, MSW Program Director and Associate Professor of Social Work, will explore the theme of suffering and the ways we can promote flourishing in the midst of suffering to better love our neighbors.

—– 2 p.m. —–

Dr. Amy Harrison, Missouri Baptist University

email: amy.harrison@mobap.edu

Bio: Dr. Amy Harrison (Brinkley) earned her Ph.D. in Higher Education Administration at Saint Louis University in 2016. She also has degrees in English (BA, MAT, MA). In her primary role, Dr. Harrison oversees the master’s and doctoral programs in higher education and serves on numerous dissertation committees to supervise and guide student research. Her secondary role at MBU allows her to direct and teach the university’s first-year orientation experience called The Keynote. The goal of that course is to develop conversations around three key intersecting points for MBU students: their identity, a Biblical worldview, and the faith-based mission of MBU. Dr. Harrison also leads student groups on an annual service trip to First Step Academy, a small school she co-founded in 2015 in Ghana, West Africa. Her research interests include Christian higher education, doctoral pedagogy, narrative inquiry, and child’s rights and education in Ghana. Amy is married to Josh and they have two children, Kobe and Hailee. Together, they live in a rural Missouri town and enjoy gardening, traveling, camping, and all things the simple life.

Title: Long Road Out of Eden: TS Eliot’s Conversion Personae from Prufrock to the Magi

Abstract: TS Eliot’s conversion to the Church of England marked a dramatic shift in one of Modernism’s most faithful followers. Two of his poems, “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” and “The Journey of the Magi,” provide Eliot’s audience with a route through the chaotic wreckage of its characters’ minds and the fragmentation with which modernity has left them. Contending with the seminal work of John Paul Riquelm, this paper will argue that the voice in both the poems is a persona, a collection of “selfs,” that lies at the center of Eliot’s poetry from the pre to post conversion continuum. The monologues of both Prufrock and the Magi seem to answer the longstanding question of inward transformation and a way out of the fragmented modern self, which is brought on by being witness to the Death and Incarnation of Christ.

—– 3 p.m. —–

Dr. Julie Ooms, Missouri Baptist University

email: julie.ooms@mobap.edu

Bio: Dr. Julie Ooms (Ph.D. in American Literature, Baylor University) is Associate Professor of English at Missouri Baptist University in St. Louis, where she teaches American and world literature, freshmen writers, and in the Honors program. Her essays on Sylvia Plath, J.D. Salinger, and Tim O’Brien have appeared in Plath Profiles, Christian Scholars’ Review, and Renascence, and she is a regular guest editor of Missouri Baptist’s faith and learning journal, Intégrité.

Title: “Forty Day Rains”: Therapeutic Turns in Sylvia Plath’s Fiction and Journals

Abstract: Scholars regularly read Sylvia Plath biographically, often with particular attention to her mental health, but few have focused on her religious beliefs and their relationship to her descriptions of psychology. This essay explores Plath’s ideas about religion, and about Christianity in particular, as they are articulated in her journals and in her fiction, and how these ideas are connected both to her views of mental health and to the kind of “cross-pressured” believer characterized by Charles Taylor; she is a humanist atheist tempted by belief, the therapist’s office her confessional.

—– 4 p.m. —–

Jessica Eckberg and Bolu Jegede, Students, Trinity Christian College

(Dr. Aron Reppmann, Advisor)

Bios: Jessica Eckberg is a senior business major at Trinity Christian College, located a few miles south of downtown Chicago in Palos Heights, Illinois. She has minors in philosophy, computer science, and theology. Bolu Jegede is a junior philosophy major at Trinity, with a minor in psychology. This project represents their shared interdisciplinary research into Reformational Philosophy and information theory.

Title: Philosophy can heal you! Wholistic research on mental health and the health of the world

Abstract: The Reformational tradition of Christian philosophy, as represented in this project by Andrew Basden’s work, “Foundations and Practice of Research,” offers healing to the world through a wholistic approach to research. We demonstrate the fruitfulness of this approach through exploring our two different disciplines (psychology and computer science) and their different contributions to understanding mental health. While these two disciplines might be assumed to be completely separate, such a fragmented approach does not contribute in a wholistic way to the healing of the world. Reformational Philosophy’s interdisciplinary vision, which intentionally remains connected to the richness of everyday, pretheoretical life, is not only useful for providing theoretical insight into mental health and the health of the world but also contributes to mental health and the health of the world.

—– 5 p.m. —–

Colttyn Jackson, MBU student

(Dr. Matthew Bardowell, Advisor)

email: colttynjackson@gmail.com

Bio: Colttyn Jackson is in his senior year at Missouri Baptist University as a double major in Ministry and Leadership and Applied Management. Under the encouragement of Dr. Matthew Bardowell, Colttyn has taken an interest in writing argumentative pieces and will be pursuing a Master’s in English Education.

Title: The Deprivation of Identities: Defining Nothing in King Lear

Abstract: The term “nothing” appears in William Shakespeare’s King Lear a total of 34 times. In this essay, various appearances of the “nothing” in King Lear are analyzed and linked to character identity with the purpose of suggesting that the theme of nothing may refer to the loss of identity. King Lear portrays the downfall of royalty and those associated with royalty. King Lear loses his kingdom, his daughters, and his sanity. Similar to King Lear, the Earl of Gloucester loses his wits, his home, and his sons. For speaking in truth, Cordelia is disassociated from her father. Edgar, the son of an earl, sheds his identity and disguises himself as someone else. Even the royal servant Oswald is used to correlate the use of nothing with identity loss.


—– 9 a.m. —–

Dr. Matt Easter, Missouri Baptist University

email: matthew.easter@mobap.edu

Bio: Dr. Matthew Easter is Director of Christian Studies and Associate Professor of Bible at Missouri Baptist University. He has published peer-reviewed journal articles on Hebrews, Paul, and the Gospel of Luke. His first book, “Faith and the Faithfulness of Jesus,” is published with Cambridge University Press (2014). His newest publications will appear in the 2nd edition of “The Dictionary of Paul and His Letters” (on the πιστις Χριστου debate) and in the book, “Hebrews in Context” (on Hebrews’ parallels to 2 Maccabees 7).

Title: “I Have No Husband”: Toward an Empathic Reading of the Samaritan Woman in John 4

Abstract: Traditionally, the Samaritan woman at the well in John 4 has been viewed as an object of scorn. For example, John Calvin describes her as “a forward and disobedient wife [who] constrained her husband to divorce her.” Other interpreters from the Protestant Reformation (such as Johannes Brenz, Heinrich Bullinger, and Philipp Melanchthon) describe her in similar terms. This interpretation has persisted into the modern era. However, a closer look at John 4 and the social context of the woman suggests that this story may not be about Jesus confronting a woman regarding her sexual sin, but about Jesus compassionately meeting a woman in her point of need. This essay joins the growing voices advocating for this woman’s dignity and suggests further the need for a reappraisal of how interpreters treat marginalized voices in the biblical narrative.

—– 10 a.m. —–


Dr. Shane Crombie, LCC International University

email: scrombie@lcc.lt

Bio: Dr. Shane Crombie is Assistant Professor in the Department of Contemporary Communications, and Coordinator of the faculty-wide Faith Integration Initiative. He is from Ireland and has been a faculty member at LCC since 2020. He holds a D.Min in Homiletics from the Aquinas Institute of Theology, St. Louis.

Title: Faith Integration in a Time of War

Abstract: LCC International University is a hidden frontline in the Ukraine Russian conflict. Having students from both sides of the divide the University strives to foster unity, while dealing with the very real consequences of war. Faculty members, as leaders, face this challenge not only in the classroom, but in every facet of university life. LCC, providentially, is completing a review of Faith Integration in the classroom. The working document proposes five areas where the faith is integral to professional life: human formation, spiritual accompaniment, academic excellence, pastoral care and community building. With students from Ukraine, Russia and Belarus (with a host of other nations) the war is putting faith and practice to the test.

—– 11 a.m. —–

Dr. Melanie Bishop, Debbie Dumey and Dr. Emilie Johnson

Missouri Baptist University, Maryville University and Lindenwood University

email: melanie.bishop@mobap.edu

Bios: Dr. Melanie Bishop, Associate Vice President for Graduate Affairs at Missouri Baptist University, and Associate Professor of Education in the School of Education, earned her Ed.D. in Educational Leadership from Lindenwood University. Melanie’s background is in middle school and high school mathematics education. In addition to her current administrative responsibilities, she also teaches online in the Higher Education Leadership program. Her professional interests include strategic planning, assessment, and leadership. Melanie is married and has two teenage sons. Melanie’s brother-in-law has lived with manic depression and schizophrenia for 30 years. Melanie and her husband are his primary caregivers.

Debbie Dumey, Adjunct Professor at MBU and Maryville University, in Social and Behavioral Sciences, earned her MA in Psychology from the University of Central Missouri, and her MA in Counseling from Missouri Baptist University. Debbie was the Director of Graduate Admissions at MBU for 14 years, and also served as an advisor in the School of Education for two years. Debbie has worked with students with disabilities and mental illness through Parkway Adult Basic Education at MERS-Goodwill before coming to MBU. Debbie is married and has four grown children, two suffer from mental illness, and she lost one of her daughters to suicide in 2011. Debbie has two grandchildren. Debbie is a proponent of support groups as they have helped her during her journey.

Dr. Emilie Johnson, Professor of Teacher Education at Lindenwood University, with an emphasis on Psychology and Psychology of Teaching and Learning, is also a Senior Facilitator for CharacterPlus® and a Content Curator for iCharacterPlus. Dr. Johnson has been a full-time faculty member since 1999 and teaches in the Graduate School of Education at Lindenwood. She earned a Ph.D. in Educational Administration from St. Louis University in 1997 and brings 13 years of experience in public school teaching, administration and teacher training. In addition to teaching, Dr. Johnson is the author of student study guides, teacher resource manuals, instructor test banks, and text supporting websites for Educational Psychology, Introduction to Teaching, and Educational Research texts for Pearson. Dr. Johnson was awarded the St. Charles County 40 Under 40 Award, St. Charles County Ring of Excellence in Teaching Award and The Missouri Governor’s Award for Excellence in Teaching. Dr. Johnson is a site evaluator for Character.org and the Missouri Schools and Districts of Character.

Title: Caring for Yourself While Caring for a Loved One with Mental Illness

Abstract: Does your family member have a mental illness? Do you live with someone who has been diagnosed with a mental illness? How do you take care of yourself while caring for someone else? This roundtable discussion will include conversations related to establishing God-honoring boundaries with your loved one with mental illness. We will talk about how to care for yourself, while you care for your loved one. Having a loved one with a mental illness poses unique challenges for family members. We will share strategies and ideas about how to avoid guilt, notice the positives, and gather strength from others (National Alliance on Mental Illness, 2022).

—– 12 p.m. (Noon Lunch and Fellowship) —–

—– 1 p.m. —–

Dr. Rod Hoevet, Assistant Professor of Forensic Psychology, Maryville University

Clinical Forensic Psychologist

email: drrodhoevet@gmail.com

Bio: Dr. Rod Hoevet is a clinical and forensic psychologist who has a great deal of clinical experience working in a variety of settings. He has spent most of his career working in correctional institutions and forensic hospitals. He is an Assistant Professor of Forensic Psychology at Maryville University in St. Louis and has a private practice focusing on forensic assessments. Dr. Hoevet has lived in the St. Louis area since 2007 and is involved in a local church, having served on the leadership team and in other capacities.

Title: The Origin of Human Evil & the Dark Triad

Abstract: Christianity and psychology have been at odds for much of modern history, but share more in common than they realize. One commonality is how they view and explain human evil. While Christianity calls it sin and separation from a Holy God, psychology calls it The Dark Triad. This seminar explains how the Christian conceptualization of sin and psychology’s construct of The Dark Triad describe markedly similar phenomena. Each component of The Dark Triad is explored and an argument is made that Satan simply and flawlessly personified it in the Garden of Eden. With his introduction of sin into the world, humankind was also imbued with each of the traits, which we still possess and manifest. Using The Dark Triad in conjunction with contemporary criminological knowledge and research, biblical criminals are examined and their behaviors, personalities and motives explored.

—– 2 p.m. —–

Stephanie Kontrim-Baumann, Missouri Baptist University

email: stephanie.baumann@mobap.edu

Bio: Stephanie Kontrim-Baumann is an Assistant Professor of Marketing and Business Administration for Missouri Baptist University, a post she has held since 2010. Prior to joining MBU as full-time faculty, Professor Baumann was an Adjunct Instructor, starting her tenure with MBU in the fall of 2004 at the launching of the MBA program. Professor Baumann is a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania with an MBA from Washington University in St. Louis. She is a DBA (Marketing) candidate at Liberty University with expected conferral in 2023. Professor Baumann’s professional career spanned nearly 15 years, all in the professional publishing industry. She worked in several different capacities of increasing responsibility in her global organization, including Director-level positions in Human Resources, Business Integration and Operational Auditing, and special project assignments in M&A and Strategic Planning. She teaches undergraduate marketing courses including Introduction to Marketing, Market Research, International Marketing and Market Management, as well graduate and undergraduate global business courses. Her academic interests include privacy in market research, higher education marketing, cultural decisions in product offerings, and, very specifically, the economics and business systems of the international flower trade. Her doctoral work is in attitudes toward privacy and marketing efforts across generational and cross-cultural cohorts.

Title: Common Grace: From Field to Foyer: Pressures in the Global Supply Chain of Cut Flowers

Abstract: This paper presentation focuses on the common grace of beauty in God’s world and sustainability pressure in the global supply chain for floriculture. Floriculture is a specialized area of horticulture that encompasses cut flowers and potted flowering plants. Due to a variety of reasons, the Netherlands holds both a competitive and comparative advantage in the global distribution of cut flowers, acting as a hub in the supply chain between fragmented producers (growers) and fragmented consumers. The perishable nature of the commodity of cut flowers, especially, demands that the supply chain work seamlessly. Due to the nature of the geographical distance between producers and consumers (the majority of growers are in sub-Sahara Africa while the majority of demand is in Europe and North America), the supply chain is complex, with heavy investment in technology and infrastructure to support the necessary logistics. Pressures on this system involve sustainability and stewardship issues, human rights, and increasing demand for flowers as a commodity when they serve no utilitarian purpose. The paper is framed by common grace doctrine and redemption as well as a reflection on God’s calling to have stewardship in the earth.

—– 3 p.m. —–

Ranita Luhur, Student, Trinity Christian College

(Dr. Aron Reppmann, Advisor)

email: ranita.luhur@trnty.edu

Bio: Ranita Luhur is a senior double-majoring in Accountancy and Philosophy at Trinity Christian College in Palos Heights, Illinois, just south of downtown Chicago. This project is the outcome of her senior capstone research integrating her two major disciplines.

Title: Paradoxes of Wealth and Power: A Philosophical Proposal for Healthy Economies

Abstract: As wealth has become the presumed success story of a healthy world, global wealth has increased – but so have rates of poverty. I explain this seeming puzzle through the critical concept of “paradox,” provided by the Christian tradition of Reformational Philosophy, and use this analysis to show how the current economic standards highlight the success stories of wealth rather than human well-being. Acknowledging the paradoxes of wealth and power opens avenues for addressing poverty on individual, corporate, and national levels. Because these levels are mutually interdependent, rather than proposing simple solutions I explore the need to realign the basic values of healthy economies – realigning values for individuals, the scope and identity of stakeholders for corporations, and the need of a sustainable economy for nations.

—– 4 p.m. —–

Luke Little and Mikayla Harrison, MBU students

email: 1761066@mobap.edu

Bios: Luke Little is a senior nursing student, minoring in biology at MBU. He has diverse research interests and hopes to continue research in the professional realm after graduation. He will transition into a registered nurse position at Mercy St. Louis Oncology after graduation. Mikayla Harrison is a recent graduate of MBU with degrees in Biochemistry, Mathematics, and Biology. She currently works as a teacher’s assistant, science and math tutor, and an emergency room patient care technician at Mercy St. Louis. She is planning on attending Physician Assistant school in fall of 2023 to continue her work in healthcare.

Title: Mitigating Chronic Stress in University Students: A quantitative and qualitative study on the effects of counseling on chronic stress in university students

Abstract: Stress is a complex psychological and physiological phenomenon that has far-reaching consequences for both physical and mental health. The university setting is known for high levels of stress and mental illness among students as they are a young and vulnerable population with recent changes in social networks, living situations, and goals for life. College students are in a unique position for universities to intervene as they live, work, and learn in the same environment. Cognitive-behavioral therapy, which combines both cognitive and behavioral changes to alter maladaptive beliefs and increase resilience, has been shown to be an effective treatment for stress, but never studied on a physiological level in the university setting. This study was performed at a small Midwest university where 32 full-time undergraduate students were recruited and separated into control and experiment groups, where the experimental group underwent 10 weeks of cognitive behavioral therapy during a fall semester. Saliva and hair were sampled and standardized interviews were conducted at three points throughout the study. A comparative analysis was performed showing the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy on chronic stress in university students. This is an important and unique study that will affect how students benefit from mental health resources and will show how best to allocate those resources for the best student outcomes.

—– 5 p.m. —–

Dr. Jason Jordan

email: jason.jordan@mobap.edu

Bio: Dr. Jason Jordan is an Assistant Professor and Assistant Director of Counselor Education at Missouri Baptist University, a Licensed Professional Counselor in Tennessee and Missouri as well as a National Board Certified Counselor and an Approved Clinical Supervisor. He obtained his Doctorate in Clinical Counseling: Teaching & Supervision from Trevecca Nazarene University and is a member of the American Counseling Association serving on state and regional boards. Dr. Jordan enjoys teaching a variety of counseling courses and is specifically interested in research associated with complex adaptive systems.

Title: This is the Way, but First, Rabbit Holes, Attractors, and Turbulence

Abstract: The chaotic events of life are far from predictable. Navigating the demands of each day is a growingly complex task. Distractions, demands, and disappoints often leave us uncertain of our next step if not searching for our path to a meaningful life. We begin down a new path or set out in a different direction looking to progress only to find ourselves repeating old patterns that leave us in similar situations. How can aspects of Physics, specifically Chaos Theory, Social Sciences, and the Christian Faith merge to give us direction in how we should move forward toward a meaningful life?